Bamako Mali Culture
Senegal crosses Mali and Guinea in the south and follows a northwestern course to Senegal, and the border between Mali and Guinea runs from north to west. Mali's physical characteristics include mountains, rivers, lakes, forests, mountains and rivers in a variety of shapes and sizes. Mali's cultural diversity also includes a wide range of ethnic groups, such as cliffs - housing farmers, nomadic hunters - gatherers, hunters and fishermen, making it one of the most interesting countries in Africa. The puppet theatre is still one of its most beautiful legacies and traditions, as is its rich history.
The first great empire of Mali was the Ghana empire, which was founded by the Soninke people at the beginning of the 8th century AD. This perspective goes back to the city of Bamako, a city that dates back to at least 200 BC from the Malian Songhay and governs the area that is now the Republic of Mali. Ghana's empire briefly recovered in a weakened state, but was soon defeated by the Kingdom of Mali, then again in the 9th and 10th centuries AD, and finally by Mali.
At the beginning of 1959, the Union of Mali and Senegal became the Mali Federation, which gained its independence from France on 20 June 1960. This was partly the result of the short - lived - Federation Mali-Senegal (1958-1959), which united Mali and Senegal and forced the return of many Malian citizens who had lived in Senegal. On 23 June 1959, the leaders of Senegal and Mali (then under French control) met in Bamako to draft the constitution that established the Mali Federation.
The Malian government responded by creating a protected forest reserve in the northwest of the country, which formed a significant green belt around the city of Bamako.
The Tuareg (Tamaschek), who also live in Algeria and Niger, and the Moors (Moors) from the northwest, who live on both sides of the border between Mali and Mauritania, live in the Sharan desert. The Bobo-Bwa live in the San Tomini region of Mali and are more numerous in Burkina Faso. These nomadic groups are scattered throughout Mali, Niger and Algeria, but are mainly settled as subsistence farmers in the south and east of Mali.
Although they make up only 10% of the population, these groups have brought their own culture to modern Mali. In fact, there is no doubt that Mali in general and Bamako in particular is one of the great artistic epicentres of Africa, home to many of Mali's most famous artists, writers, musicians and musicians. The museum is a heritage site in Mali and offers visitors an appreciation of the wealth of its artistic traditions.
The present nation of Mali was first united in the Middle Ages as the Mali Empire. These included the Bambara Empire, which concentrated on the city of Segou, and its successor, the Senoufo Kingdom of Kenedougou, which concentrated on a large area in central and southern Mali and extended its reach to parts of central and southern Mali. In the 1920s Bamako became the capital of the Malian Empire and the centre of its political and cultural life. In the 20th century, more than forty memorials were erected around the city, many of which are still in use today.
Timbuktu is the capital of Mali and the second largest city in the country after Bamako. The French Sudan gained its independence from France in 1958 as part of the short-lived Federation of Mali, which included Senegal. Mali left the zone in 1962 and founded a bank of the National Bank of Senegal, the first of its kind in Africa, and joined Senegal to gain independence in 1960 as the "Mali Federation."
Mali borders on Niger to the north, Mali and Senegal to the south and Senegal and Burkina Faso to the west. They are all landlocked countries and share the same land mass of 3.2 million square kilometres.
The plains of the Niger River Basin and the Sahara Desert form the north and the centre of Mali and border Senegal and Burkina Faso to the east and west, Senegal, Mauritania and Guinea to the west, Bissau to the west and Niger to the south and south.
Since time immemorial until today, the north of Mali is occupied by the Bambara of the Niger catchment area and the south by the ethnic groups of Mali. The culture of Mali has been born from the common experience of many cultures that make up the Malian people. Mali benefited from a mixing of ethnic groups facilitated both by the river Nigeria and by a shared understanding of B Ambara, as well as by its proximity to Senegal and Burkina Faso to the west and Mauritania and Guinea and Senegal's border with Guinea to the south and west. Mali's national culture can best be defined as a series of projects developed by governments that led Mali (formerly French Sudan) with varying degrees of vigor and credibility during the period after independence from 1960 to the present day.